The new teaching and learning materials fit under the newly revised Competency-Based Curriculum and are expected to help build more peaceful school environment, families, communities and country in general. The books will help teachers to prepare lessons that equip students with critical thinking skills. This will prevent any circumstances that could trigger conflict or lead to atrocities.
Rwandan author and researcher Dr Jean Paul Kimonyo launched his latest book, ‘Transforming Rwanda: Challenges on the road to reconstruction. The book provides extensive insights into the transformation of Rwanda, right from the 1959 pogroms when thousands fled the country up, through the post-Genocide reconstruction of the last two-and-a-half decades.
Rwanda has place women empowerment at the forefront, something that has enabled women to contribute to the development of the country. As the country commemorates the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, the country has made huge strides in terms of transformation, though much still remains to be done. Donah Mbabazi talked to a number of women on what they think should be done.
As Rwanda commemorates the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, it is important that the youth, especially those born after the Genocide understand what happened. “Being honest about tragedies is important, but remembering that we are talking to children is equally vital. The message of oneness, patriotism, human rights, tolerance, equality and equal opportunities should be deeply emphasized,” a teacher says.
Prosecutor General Jean-Bosco Mutangana told The New Times that his office is ready to support efforts by UK authorities to bring to justice five Rwandan men suspected of participating in the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. Nearly 11 years on, a decision is still pending on five extradition cases of Genocide suspects living in the UK.
In the launching of his book, ‘Moi, le dernier Tutsi’ (Me, the Last Tutsi), Habonimana mentioned that he wanted to release his story for future generations to keep the memory of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. In his book, he describes how he witnessed killings targeting Tutsi families in his home village of Mayunzwe in Southern Rwanda.
At just 11 years of age, terror befell Claver Irakoze who witnessed the Genocide against the Tutsi. It is the assortment of his past wounds and emotions that stirred the writing of his first book for children, entitled, “That Child is Me,” a book that is aimed at conveying awareness to parents on how best they can package the information of Rwanda’s dark to their children, without traumatizing them.
President Kagame speaks at a Commemoration service of the Genocide against the Tutsi at the Saddleback Church in California, U.S on Palm Sunday. Looking on is his host, Pastor Rick Warren. The President has pointed to reintegrating society and uniting the population after the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi as one of Rwanda’s most important step towards progress.
The introduction of identity cards by Belgian authorities in 1933, categorically established each individual’s ethnicity, the ID cards were used to identify Tutsi children in classes and discriminate against them when releasing exam results. It facilitated the widespread exclusion of Tutsi from schools and workplaces and were used by genocide perpetrators in 1994 to identify their victims, to the extent that they served as death warrants.
Twenty-five years after the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, the country has risen from ashes. But in order to prevent the past from repeating itself there is need to address challenges such as genocide ideology, and the youth, in particular, being the future of the nation, have a big role to play.
A 52-year-old survivor of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi says after losing most of her family members, her life made a turn for the worse. Nonetheless, her journey after survival is still a heart wrenching one. The dark memories are fresh in her mind and this is making it hard to get over the past. She, however, says that the counselling sessions she attended helped her and now she is slowly recovering.
Traumatic memories are prone to haunt the lives of those who tend to survive horrendous events such as the Genocide. The time it takes for these wounds to heal depends on so many factors. With help and counselling, some heal, whereas others, unfortunately, battle with this trauma for the rest of their lives.
As we commemorate 25 years of the Genocide against the Tutsi, youth were advised to embrace a reading culture because books can inspire, heal, empower and bring hope to a nation. This message was conveyed during the “13th edition of reading for change,” that was held at the Kigali Public Library, Kacyiru. The event was held under the theme, ‘Literature’s role in peacebuilding and unity’ with an aim of stirring a reading culture among the young generation.
The 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi left behind unspeakable challenges, one of them is genocide ideology. This is why it is very important to have a deeper study of such underlying factors such that what happened 25 years ago never happens again. It is this concept that Rwanda Education Board provided a new school curriculum, alongside teaching materials with an aim of strengthening teachings about the history of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi.
Many young girls and women were victims of rape during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), set up by United Nations Security Council was the first institution to recognise rape as a means of perpetrating genocide.
As the country continues to commemorate the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, several activities are ongoing, with the youth at the centre of it all. Over 60% of Rwanda’s population was born after the tragic events of 1994, and concerns have been raised on whether content and stories shared to educate the youth on what happened at the time, are relatable.
John Giraneza, a resident of Rweru Sector in Bugesera District harboured the grudge for years, before transforming into a champion of unity and reconciliation in his village. In 2008, Giraneza proposed to marry a woman whose family killed his father, mother and siblings-Marie Jeanne Uwimana.
Minister of Foreign Affairs Dr Richard Sezibera addressed to members of the diplomatic corps accredited to Rwanda during a session of reflection: We have sought the support of some of your countries to open your archives related to the Genocide with the goal of owning our history and preserving the memory, which are two important components of our healing, unity and reconciliation.
Parliament Speaker Donatille Mukabalisa has urged countries to arrest and extradite genocide fugitives roaming across the world. She said this will not only serve justice for the over a million people killed in the Genocide 25 years ago but also necessary to give closure to the survivors of the Genocide, who still grapple with effects of the atrocities.
President Paul Kagame while officiating the start of a mourning week to mark the 25th time the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi made a statement: “We claim no special place, but we have a place to claim. The fighting spirit is alive in us. What happened here will never happen again.”
Delegates from around the world, among them, distinguished policymakers, scholars, and media personalities, are expected to take part in the forum that will run under the theme, “Preserving Memory, Championing Humanity.” According to organisers, it aims to assess a post-genocide society.
The United Kingdom has pledged its support to Rwanda’s vision of preventing Genocide from happening anywhere in the world. The pledge was made by Jane Edmondson, the Head of Department for International Development (DFID) for East and Central Africa during a tour of Kigali Genocide Memorial in Gisozi.
After the genocide against the Tutsis in 1994, many perpetrators escaped. Some were arrested and taken to the UN-backed International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), which is based in Tanzania. That court closed in 2015 after several convictions. For many of those who carried out the killings, justice has been at a local level through community tribunals known as “Gacaca” courts.
Twenty-five years ago, the Rwandan government launched a meticulously planned genocide against its Tutsi minority. It killed approximately 800 000 people in 100 days. We can’t reflect on the history of the 1994 genocide without considering the critical role the media played in both inciting and prolonging the violence.
During the first week of the 25th commemoration of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, Celine Uwineza will launch her book that chronicles her survival of the genocide, her healing journey from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), her path to entrepreneurship and hope for a bright future. It is also about raising awareness of the various mental and emotional health challenges that people go through and to show them there is light at the end of the tunnel.
The Supreme Court upheld the 30-year jail sentence for genocide convict Charles Bandora, which he had earlier been handed by the High Court’s specialised chamber for international crimes in 2015. Bandora, as a prominent businessman and vice chair for the then ruling MRND party in the former Commune Ngenda, was charged with five crimes related to the Genocide against the Tutsi.
Activities to mark the 25th commemoration of the Genocide against the Tutsi kicked off in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, with a Symposium that attracted over 200 participants, mainly diplomats. The event was held around the theme; “Preserving Memory, Upholding Humanity” with different speakers from Rwanda and beyond.
Throughout the year, Aegis Trust organizes various events to educate the public and visitors from around the world about the genocide and what they can do to help prevent such atrocities in the future. Among their peacebuilding initiatives are the Ubumuntu Conversations held at the memorial’s peace school during the last week of July 2018. Ubumuntu is to be humane: to genuinely care about others, to be generous and kind, to show empathy, to be sympathetic to the plight of others, and to recognize the humanity of others.
Three years ago, the government of Rwanda initiated peace studies in the curriculum. This was done with an aim of looking at how best peace can be integrated into humanity courses like history, religion, social studies, among others, which in the end would facilitate the prevention of conflict and peacebuilding.
Dr Jean Damascène Iyamuremye, Director of Psychiatric Care Unit, Mental Health Division of the Rwanda Biomedical Centre, argues that among the people with trauma related to the Genocide against the Tutsi, we, unfortunately, find young people who were not born at the time. He referred to it as “transgenerational or intergenerational trauma”.
French State broadcaster France Inter – a sister channel to RFI” has given cosmetic feedback and apology to a French based Rwandan lawyer who filed a complaint against their emission where the presenters denied the Genocide against Tutsi early this week. The apology made by Radio France Inter boss has infuriated Rwandans from all walks of life, who believe the Radio has a Genocide negation agenda.
• The President, speaking at the 24th commemoration at the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre on April 7, said that though Rwanda has largely left behind its difficult past, there was need to keep remembering the massacre to ensure that the “truth is not rewritten”.
To remember isn’t only to honour the memory of victims who died at the hands of evil men and women or is it only to reaffirm their humanity. It’s also to recommit to the spirit of never again genocide. This also means committing to fight and uproot the ideology of genocide along with it its denials while rendering an uplifting hand to survivors.
Each commemoration of the Genocide against the Tutsi carries profound, diverse and evolving meanings for many Rwandans, while also representing an important terrain for negotiation between Rwandan elites and everyday citizens.
The Rwandan community; friends of Rwanda; members of the diplomatic corps and representatives of international organizations based in Geneva; met on April 10 at the headquarters of the UN Office in Geneva to mark the International Day of the Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. Ngarambe further urged all states that shelter suspects of the Genocide against the Tutsi to either prosecute them or extradite them to Rwanda.
Every April 12, residents of Kayonza District and those who hail from the area, converge at Mukarange Catholic Parish Church to commemorate the Tutsi who were killed at the church during the Genocide against the Tutsi. During this year’s commemoration, the orphans pleaded that people come forth and show the whereabouts of hundreds of bodies of the victims that have not been accounted for yet.
Rwanda’s envoy to Turkey Williams Nkurunziza said that Genocide deniers pose an existential threat to humanity. The envoy said this as he led the Rwandan community in Ankara, Turkey’s capital, and friends of Rwanda in an event to mark the 24th commemoration of the Genocide against the Tutsi.
According to residents of Rwankuba, the genocide ideology seeped into their area in 1990, twenty-seven years after the infamous speech by Gregoire Kayibanda in October 1963 that emphasised ethnicity, calling Tutsis as hypocrites. The last nail in the evil plots of spreading the genocide ideology in Rwankuba was driven by Jean Baptiste Gatete, former Bourgmestre of Murambi Commune.
“We had just taken our dinner and gone back to class for revision. Just as we started our revision, the militiamen forced themselves into our class and asked us to separate along our ethnic groups. We defied the order and told them we were all Rwandans,” said Abayisenga. Infuriated by the students’ remarks, the militia started shooting at the innocent students indiscriminately, leaving seven of them dead.
The Rwandan community in Canada has written to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau asking for radical change to the country’s view of the 1994 Genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda. In a letter dated February 8, the community wants Canada to implement a UN resolution obliging all countries refer to the mass killings as “the 1994 genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda”.
A group of Rwandan exiles under their umbrella “Jambo ASBL” has provoked angry reaction in Belgium after they were granted permission to hold an event at parliament to discuss what they refer to as the “history of Rwanda”. The Rwandan embassy in Brussels has protested the event and wants it cancelled. Jambo ASBL says they have “credible” information they want to share with the Belgian lawmakers about the “history of Rwanda”. In their letter, and all their previous public statements, they do not admit there was a genocide targeting Tutsis in Rwanda.
“Genocide against the Tutsi has been one of the worst atrocities of our time. It was committed at the watch of the world and could not prevent it. We must make every effort to ensure that such a tragedy does not happen again,” Minister Flessel wrote in the Guestbook after visiting the Kigali Genocide Memorial. She also said that the world should accept its failure to have done nothing when the Genocide against Tutsi was happening in Rwanda.
The umbrella body of Genocide survivors’ associations, Ibuka, has said they will sustain the momentum to push for declassification of crucial files that are in the hands of the French authorities despite the latter’s continued efforts to cover up for Paris’s role in the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.
Archiving genocide facts has significant implications on not only preserving evidence but also on building strong foundations for the country’s socio-economic development and preserving the historical facts for present and future generations to learn from. Experts said this during a meeting hosted by King’s College London and Aegis Trust, in Kigali, which discussed digital archives, memory and reconstruction in Rwanda.
President Paul Kagame has put to rest the talk doing rounds that Rwanda is demanding compensation from the international community and the Roman Catholic Church for their failure to intervene during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. At an event to mark the 23rd anniversary of the genocide, President Kagame said that Rwanda is not looking for money or any form of compensation but is willing to listen to those ready to take responsibility for their actions and forge new relationships.
The Ministry of Education plans to train history teachers this academic year so that they deliver accurate Genocide-related studies to students. The move comes after Ibuka – the umbrella organisation of genocide survivors’ associations, urged caution on the teaching of genocide history in schools in order for students to get accurate facts and also teach them about the dangers of genocide ideology.
The decisions by Judge Meron to grant early release to génocidaires who fail to even recognise the crimes for which they were convicted raises serious questions about the procedures in place. Once released there is no monitoring to keep track of them. What they are granted is an unconditional reduction in sentence and there is nothing to stop these génocidaires justifying their crimes and continuing to promote their racist ideology.
Rwanda’s High Commissioner in London, Yamina Karitanyi said that the Rwandan government has about 400 requests for the extradition of fugitives accused of taking part in the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi that saw one million people killed in three months. She added that many of those requests were in Europe and thanked countries such as the US, Canada, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Belgium, Denmark and the Netherlands, which “have cooperated with our judiciary in extraditing, deporting, or putting perpetrators on trial.”
Former Hutu militia leader Bernard Munyagishari was sentenced to life imprisonment by a court in Kigali for his role in the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi. Munyagishari was arrested in the DRC in 2011 and transferred to Rwanda in 2013. The high court of Kigali judged Munyagishari guilty of “crimes of murder and genocide” but acquitted him of rape. Born in 1959, Munyagishari was tried over events in northwestern Gisenyi where he headed the notorious Interahamwe Hutu militia and where Tutsis were thrown into mass graves at a cemetery.
Rwanda Government has provided security to Caporal (Rtd) Thadeo Karamaga – a man who has received several death threats for hiding body of Ex-Premier Agathe Uwiringiyimana during the Genocide Against Tutsi. According to previous stories wrote, his commanders rushed the body of Prime Uwiringiyimana to Kanombe military cemetery and handed it to him for immediate burial. He was however cautious; he hid the body in the mortuary until the fall of Kigali. He handed it to Rwanda Patriotic Army (RPA) Inkotanyi for decent burial.
Tanzanian authorities have said that they have taken to commercial capital Dar es Salaam the former convict of the disbanded International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) for further questioning. The former convict, Innocent Sagahutu, was arrested recently in Kagera region by immigration officials while attempting to cross into Burundi without without valid documents. Sagahutu recently completed a 15 year jail sentence for his role in the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi.
It has been 23 years since the start of the genocide against the Tutsi. France has been accused of complicity in the genocide but refuses to apologise often slamming Rwandans for distorting history. However, the declassified French documents reveal a different story; a story of French officials who fought the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) to the bitter end when they knew that only a military victory of this rebel force could stop the genocide.
Rwanda has been a unique experiment in national reconciliation and assiduously enforced social re-engineering in more than two decades since its devastating genocide against the Tutsi. Pastor Deo Gashangaza who helped found Prison Fellowship Rwanda noted that “Rebuilding the nation requires everyone to help… We still have a lot of things to do for our communities, for social cohesion. It’s painful but it is a journey of healing.”
A former army captain serving 35-year sentence at a Malian prison for genocide in Rwanda knows exactly what happened to thousands of Tutsis who sought refuge in April 1994 at Kibeho catholic parish, a site where the Virgin Mary has made apparitions. He says the massacre of Tutsis at Kibeho raged on from April 10, 11, 12 and the final assault was April 14. During the following days, militias used bulldozer and their own arms to throw the bodies in mass graves. They left some uncovered.
A survivor of the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi ethnic group in Rwanda shared her harrowing story with some 230 people at an event hosted by the Embassy of the Republic of Rwanda in Tel Aviv to mark 23 years since the atrocities. Suzanne gave painful testimony of her long journey to survival as 26-year-old woman who lost her new-born baby after giving birth to him in a bush.
Clerics and government officials have urged former genocide convicts to act as role models, shun evil, and spearhead goodwill toward survivors. The call was made during a public ceremony at which 52 genocide perpetrators were forgiven and reconciled with survivors at Nyamata Parish in Bugesera District. This followed a course for heart healing, asking for forgiveness and giving forgiveness which was started in July 2016.
Forty four days after the meeting between The Pope and President Kagame, 235 priests and nuns gathered at Kabgayi Diocese in Muhanga district for a two-day session of “Ndi Umunyarwanda Program”. During this interactive session, participants are reminded that they are Rwandans and should accept to put forward what binds them and should be proud to be Rwandans characterized with love to their country and upholding its values.
Eight fugitives suspected to have taken part in the mass killings of Rwandans during the infamous 1994 genocide against the Tutsi are still being hunted down and upon arrest, three of them will be tried in Arusha. “…and the other five will face their charges in Rwanda as stipulated in the United Nations agreement,” explained, Mr Danford Mpumilwa the Communication Officer with Arusha based International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals.
Pleading with genocide perpetrators to show or indicate places where they dumped bodies of victims could soon be stopped because they intentionally refuse to speak-up. “I don’t think we should continue pleading with perpetrators to show us where they dumped bodies of victims. If they want they can tell us. If we are lucky and locate any sites, we will always accord them decent burial”, Dr. Bizimana said.
Rwandans who participated in the 1994 genocide against Tutsi are coming face to face with survivors to openly ask for forgiveness in a country where reconciliation is now preached by the state and religions. At Nyamata Parish in Bugesera District, eastern Rwanda, Pierre Butoki, a former genocide perpetrator in the area knelt down holding a candle, was sprinkled with spiritual water and listened to hymns and praise by clerics and other Christians. The man is a former police and was a member of Interahamwe militia responsible for mass slaughters during the genocide.
A team of media practitioners and some young genocide survivors went from one place to another paying tribute to victims of the genocide. But one thing was consistent, rain kept pouring. To someone who was not in the country in April 1994, they would perhaps guess that rain made life even harder for the ‘wanted Tutsi’ back then. However, one iconic survivor Aroni Gakoko, told Sunday Times that rain was “partly a savior”.
A court in Denmark has jailed a Danish national for four weeks pending a decision to extradite him to his native Rwanda where he’s suspected of committing crimes against humanity in 1994. Danish prosecutors will now decide whether Wenceslas Twagirayezu should be deported on suspicion of taking part in a massacre in a church and at a university where more than 1,000 people were killed.
Pope Francis made an appeal for the “guns to be silenced” in the Central African Republic. “Unfortunately painful news arrive from the Central African Republic, a country I carry in my heart, especially after my visit in November 2015,” the Pontiff told the crowd gathered in St. Peter’s Square. Armed clashes the Pope noted had “caused numerous victims” and left many people displaced thus threatening the country’s peace process.
The rate of convictions related to genocide ideology has increased over the years as people are more willing to come forward to testify against suspects. This was revealed by Chief Justice Sam Rugege at a function where the staff from the Supreme Court, National Public Prosecution Authority, Ministry of Justice and Rwanda Law Reform Commission remembered former colleagues killed during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. It means that more people now understand the dangers of genocide ideology and are reporting it.
In 1994, post-genocide, the country was drowning in the aftermath of an immense, unfathomable tragedy. Rwanda yearned to heal – but how does a country begin to repair itself after a brutal massacre, when people were robbed of something essential: trust? Rwanda’s fast-growing cricket movement began when refugees started returning home from surrounding countries with a new skill – one that involved a bat, a ball and a whole lot of team spirit.
The Genocide Archive of Rwanda has so far uploaded and digitised about 8,000 information items-related to 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, including confessions by perpetrators. Chief Justice Sam Rugege believes that the facility will be an important tool for students, teachers and researchers to easily access history about Rwanda and specifically the Genocide.
President Paul Kagame has been awarded with the Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. Adelson award for Outstanding Friendship with the Jewish People from the World Values Network. “Hatred can never be justified, irrespective of whatever grievance one may hold. It may not be easy but it is our responsibility to keep this corrosive emotion in check and out of public affairs. More generally we must always endeavour to be different from those who adhere to ideologies of hatred,” the President said.
It will be too difficult for the young generation to sustain ancient values and knowledge let alone survive waves of globalisation, if they don’t take time to learn from a few of such surviving historical facts conserved in museums around the country, conservationists have said. This was highlighted when Rwanda joined the rest of the world to mark International Museum day.
Yoga instructor and genocide survivor Mediatrice Uwingabire is only too aware of the benefits of taking up yoga. She joined a yoga group in 2008 and in six months she started witnessing changes in her life.
“Due to the consequences of genocide, I used to have a lot of anger and resentment,” Uwingabire explains after the yoga class. “But I started doing yoga, I slowly started healing internally, dealing with my anger and I loved it so much and now I feel I am a very smart person. Physically I also got healed.”
As part of the events to mark the African Liberation Day, several African diplomats accredited to Kigali toured the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre, Gisozi, to pay their respects to the victims of the Genocide against the Tutsi. According to a statement, the team comprised high commissioners for Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa, as well as the ambassadors of Congo Brazzaville and Egypt.
Edouard Bamporiki has been hailed for his role in the fight against genocide ideology through his book, “My Son, It Is A Long Story: Reflections of Genocide Perpetrators.” The book was launched in Kigali in an event that was graced by First Lady Jeannette Kagame, Sports and Culture minister Julienne Uwacu, as well as hundreds of people.
South Sudanese soldiers accused of raping at least five foreign aid workers and killing their local colleague last year are due to stand trial in a military court, a key test of the government’s ability to prosecute war crimes. Prosecutor Abubaker Mohammed, an army colonel, told Reuters that between 15 to 20 government soldiers face charges including murder, rape and looting during the attack on the Terrain hotel in the capital Juba on July 11, 2016.
The genocidal regime used different methods to draw money from state coffers to procure weapons that were used to kill over a million people in the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. This was said by Dr. Jean Damascene Bizimana, the Executive Secretary of the National Commission for the Fight against Genocide (CNLG), during a memorial ceremony for 104 former employees of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning.
Unity Club is an organisation that brings together former and serving national leaders and the meeting aimed at encouraging those that served in the district to form a similar organisation. Addressing the officials, the Minister of Infrastructure, James Musoni said, “Unity is key. We all want to pass on a safe country to our children; the country where they’ll live with confidence and there is no way we can achieve that if we’re divided.”
The National Commission for the fight against Genocide (CNLG) and the International Coalition of sites of Conscience (ICSC) are carrying out a joint assessment exercise to ascertain the level of compliance by Genocide memorial sites bidding to be added on world heritage list. At least four Genocide memorials are expected to be included on UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
Experts have called on authorities in South Sudan to develop laws to combat rampant hate speech and online incitement, which they said have caused more violence and ethnic polarization since 2013. Speaking during a workshop on hate speech in Juba, the experts said rumours, fake news and newly adapted rhetoric of using symbols and images that carry hate messages has fuelled hatred, ethnic divisions and incitement to violence.
The chief prosecutor of war crimes in former Yugoslavia and genocide in Rwanda has warned that denial of these crimes is now widespread and efforts are underway to rewrite history. Serge Brammertz told the U.N. Security Council there is a refusal by officials and others to accept the facts gathered by U.N. tribunals documenting ethnic cleansing and other crimes in former Yugoslavia and genocide in Rwanda in 1994.
There are 40 housing units inside Kabarondo Reconciliation Village, built by Prison Fellowship Rwanda (PFR), an international charity group, for families of survivors of the 1994 genocide, released ex-prisoners convicted of crimes committed in 100-day carnage, and vulnerable citizens not directly related to the mass killings that resulted in the death of more than 1 million Tutsis and moderate Hutus
Public servants have been called on to actively fight genocide ideology and work diligently toward building a united and equal country. The call was made Friday by the Minister for Public Service and Labour, Judith Uwizeye, at an event to commemorate 25 former staffers of three ministries who were killed during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi.
Five years after the official closure of Gacaca courts, the Government is working to see that compensation cases are completed by the end of the year, the Minister of State for Constitutional and Legal Affairs, Evode Uwizeyimana, has said.
A former Congolese rebel commander told war crimes judges on Wednesday the “horrific events” he saw during Rwanda’s 1994 genocide shaped him to vow to do everything he could to prevent “it happening again”. Almost two years after his trial opened, Bosco Ntaganda took the stand for the first time expected to talk about events in 2002 and 2003, when his rebel forces rampaged through neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo’s gold-rich Ituri province, murdering and raping civilians and plundering their possessions.
Rwanda Education Board (REB) has recalled a textbook, ‘General Studies and Communication Skills’, from schools for “having content that trivialise the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi”. Some of the content say there was a civil war in Rwanda in 1994 instead of a genocide. Calling the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi a civil war is an attempt at rewriting history and tantamount to Genocide denial and trivialising it.
Nigeria’s 36 state governors have appealed to the country’s separatists to embrace peace, warning against the Rwandan or Somali experience. “It has been unanimously agreed that the unity of this country is sacrosanct, it is non-negotiable and we have all agreed to work together to educate people,” Abiola Ajimobi, governor of southwestern Oyo state, told reporters in the capital Abuja early Thursday, shortly after a meeting with acting President Yemi Osinbajo.
About 600 troops from Congo Republic serving as UN peacekeepers in the Central African Republic will be returning home following allegations of sex abuse, the United Nations announced on Wednesday. President Denis Sassou Nguesso’s government “decided to withdraw” the troops deployed in the MINUSCA mission after the commander complained of misconduct, a UN statement said.
Remembrance centres of the civil war deserve to be constructed and the history of the events should be taught across the country. Political elites should abandon the gospel of divisionism while the government should kickstart a ‘conversation’ on restructuring and referendum.
Local government and private sector leaders need to work together with citizens in fostering unity and reconciliation in the country, the Prime Minister, Anastase Murekezi has said. Speaking at the launch of ‘Unity and Reconciliation Forum’ in Nyaruguru District, the premier said unity and reconciliation are vital elements for sustainable development.
African countries should renew their commitment and ensure that wars and armed conflicts in cities and elsewhere are minimised if the continent is to develop faster. The call was made yesterday during a regional conference in Kigali to discuss the challenges and humanitarian consequences of a growing phenomenon of urban armed conflict around the globe.
Prosecutor-General Jean Bosco Mutangana has urged his Kenyan counterparts to do everything in their power to ensure Rwandans suspected of various crimes, especially the Genocide against the Tutsi, are arrested and extradited. The two countries have an extradition treaty. The call was made during the National Prosecution Service Convention organised by the Directorate of Public Prosecutions of Kenya at the Kenya School of Government in Nairobi.
Rwanda is going through a process of reconciliation and healing. The leadership of Rwanda is asking ordinary Rwandans to live together, work together and eat together even when one’s family killed the other’s family. But how can leaders encourage people to do this while at the top they are involved in adversarial politics of quarrels and recriminations? Leaders in Rwanda are setting the example of what they are asking and expecting of their citizens.
Rwandan President Paul Kagame has signed several agreements with Zambia. The agreements include one on extradition. In the past, the Rwandan government has accused Zambia of harbouring genocide suspects, allegations Lusaka denies but after the signing of this agreement, genocide fugitives will be extradited.
On July 4, while Americans celebrate their independence, Rwandans are celebrating Liberation Day — commemorating the day in 1994 when rebel troops marched into the capital Kigali and ended a genocide against the country’s Tutsi minority. Rwanda is still a poor country but it is peaceful — after a decade of community-led justice and reconciliation efforts, it is largely free from the ethnic divisions that led to the genocide more than two decades ago. And it has made strides in building its infrastructure and stamping out corruption.
Rivlin and Netanyahu went together to meet Kagame as his car pulled to a stop in the presidential compound. “You were the indispensable bridge on which we marched step by step to return to Africa,” Netanyahu said, referring to Kagame’s support of his efforts to build closer ties with Africa.
Nominated Senator Naisula Lesuuda has hailed the Rwandan people for their resilience and holding together for prosperity after a difficult history of genocide. Speaking during the country’s Liberation day at the Kenyatta International Convention Centre, Hon Lessuda thanked Rwandans and their leadership for resilience that characterised them for the past 23 years saying that Kenya recognizes the fact that Rwanda’s transformational leadership and resolute political will has been at the centre of the transformed governance and social-economic fabric of the Rwandan society.
At the Avignon Festival this year, Munyaneza’s stage-documentary with vocals and sound aggressively expose the violence meted out and received during the period of terror and the violence it left behind. It starts with a woman’s voice-off explaining how she was raped by Interhamwe militia as she fled the barbarity. She goes on to say how she became pregnant, had the child and was rejected by her family when she returned to Rwanda. And then how she rejected the child, a son.
Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority (RURA) has said that they are ready to crack down on hate speech and hold culprits accountable, especially during presidential elections. This warning comes after one of the presidential candidates, Frank Habineza of the Democratic Green Party of Rwanda, was insulted on social media. An incident Habineza confirmed via his twitter handle that he had reported to police.
Rwandan High court has received new evidence pinning Ladislas Ntaganzwa – former Bourgmestre of Nyakizu Commune that he partnered with Burundian refugees to systematically execute over 38, 000 Tutsi during the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi. According to prosecution team (Claudine Dushimiyimana and Faustin Nkusi), Ntaganzwa used his authority to order killings of Tutsi that had sought refuge in these areas.
A top British diplomat, Sir Simon McDonald, has said that if countries are to progress and make things better for their people, it is important that they work closely together. Sir McDonald, the Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and Head of the UK’s Diplomatic Service, was speaking during his visit to Rwanda.
Nine Rwandans suspected of involvement in the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi face extradition from Zambia to Rwanda following the signing of a treaty between the two countries. Rwanda says it sent the request to Zambia and anticipates collaboration when the extradition treaty becomes enforceable.
South Sudanese President Salva Kiir has appealed to the African Union and the UN to support the country’s national dialogue initiative. “Our country is politically divided and we must find ways and means to unite and build one nation. The implementation of the peace deal and the national dialogue are the only way forward,” he said.
The UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the CAR (MINUSCA) has repeatedly come under scrutiny for its inability to protect civilians. Al Jazeera spoke to Lieutenant General Balla Keita, force commander of the United Nations MINUSCA, about criticisms that the mission was unable to halt armed groups and failing to protect civilians.