Manipulation of ethnic identity during the colonial reform of administration (1926- 1931) and conflict in Rwanda

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Manipulation of ethnic identity during the colonial reform of administration (1926- 1931) and conflict in Rwanda

This study aimed to highlight factors used by the Belgian authorities to divide Rwandans during the Colonial Reform Process between 1926 and 1931. More specially, it is aimed at identifying how they mobilised Hutu, Tutsi and Twa social classes and transformed the ethnic identities. The scarcity of environmental resources increased the desire to monopolise control of the country as this was continually perceived as only means of access to resources. This led Rwandan politicians to use ethnicity as a way to secure power. Consequently, a culture of ethnic violence became entrenched. This culminated in genocide from April to July 1994.

  • Author
    Jean Bosco N. Binenwa
  • Year of publication
    February 2004
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