The Rwandan Government has said that it hopes the forthcoming trial of three people in Belgium: Fabien Neretse, Emmanuel Nkunduwimye and Ernest Gakwaya suspected to have participated in the murder of Rwandans during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi will be conducted in a way that reflects the needs and expectations of survivors of the Genocide.
Prosecutor General Jean-Bosco Mutangana told The New Times that his office is ready to support efforts by UK authorities to bring to justice five Rwandan men suspected of participating in the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. Nearly 11 years on, a decision is still pending on five extradition cases of Genocide suspects living in the UK.
This book examines the project undertaken by the post-genocide government to shape the collective memory of the Rwandan population, both through political and judicial reforms but also in public commemorations and memorials. Drawing on over two decades of field research in Rwanda, the author uses surveys and comparative local case studies to explore Rwanda’s response both at a governmental and local level.
Many young girls and women were victims of rape during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), set up by United Nations Security Council was the first institution to recognise rape as a means of perpetrating genocide.
Parliament Speaker Donatille Mukabalisa has urged countries to arrest and extradite genocide fugitives roaming across the world. She said this will not only serve justice for the over a million people killed in the Genocide 25 years ago but also necessary to give closure to the survivors of the Genocide, who still grapple with effects of the atrocities.
After the genocide against the Tutsis in 1994, many perpetrators escaped. Some were arrested and taken to the UN-backed International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), which is based in Tanzania. That court closed in 2015 after several convictions. For many of those who carried out the killings, justice has been at a local level through community tribunals known as “Gacaca” courts.
The Supreme Court upheld the 30-year jail sentence for genocide convict Charles Bandora, which he had earlier been handed by the High Court’s specialised chamber for international crimes in 2015. Bandora, as a prominent businessman and vice chair for the then ruling MRND party in the former Commune Ngenda, was charged with five crimes related to the Genocide against the Tutsi.
To be a “situated bystander” means to resist the pressure to participate in genocidal violence and to belong to a moral order that is distinct from that of the extremists. Therefore, this article challenges the homogenous portrayal of the unresponsive bystander group and introduces the novel concept of “situated bystandership” to draw attention to the proximal and representational contexts that shape bystanders’ responses, roles and positions in society.
In this book, the author examines how Rwandans navigated the combination of harmony and punishment in grassroots courts purportedly designed to rebuild the social fabric in the wake of the 1994 genocide. Post-genocide Rwandan officials developed new local courts supposedly modelled on traditional practices of dispute resolution as part of a broader national policy of unity and reconciliation.
Through the Rwanda case, this article advances an understanding of transitional justice adoption, which focuses on ways in which governments use transitional justice as a tool of political order. Within this framework, transitional justice is adopted to address security, resource, and legitimacy challenges for a post-conflict or post-transition government.
The author looks at how Rwanda has worked to prosecute the perpetrators of genocide, remember its victims, and move forward which is an enormous undertaking. It set up the Gacaca courts, which reviewed nearly 2 million trials in under a decade, and as thus, Rwanda provides a case study in local legal adaptation toward accountability.
The Rwandan community; friends of Rwanda; members of the diplomatic corps and representatives of international organizations based in Geneva; met on April 10 at the headquarters of the UN Office in Geneva to mark the International Day of the Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. Ngarambe further urged all states that shelter suspects of the Genocide against the Tutsi to either prosecute them or extradite them to Rwanda.
The Rwandan community in Canada has written to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau asking for radical change to the country’s view of the 1994 Genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda. In a letter dated February 8, the community wants Canada to implement a UN resolution obliging all countries refer to the mass killings as “the 1994 genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda”.
“Genocide against the Tutsi has been one of the worst atrocities of our time. It was committed at the watch of the world and could not prevent it. We must make every effort to ensure that such a tragedy does not happen again,” Minister Flessel wrote in the Guestbook after visiting the Kigali Genocide Memorial. She also said that the world should accept its failure to have done nothing when the Genocide against Tutsi was happening in Rwanda.
The report was done by the Independent Inquiry into the actions of the United Nations during the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. The report was done was done with hopes to contribute to building renewed trust between Rwanda and the United Nations, to help efforts of reconciliation among the people of Rwanda and to contribute to preventing similar tragedies from occurring.