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Memory and Justice in Post-Genocide Rwanda

This book examines the project undertaken by the post-genocide government to shape the collective memory of the Rwandan population, both through political and judicial reforms but also in public commemorations and memorials. Drawing on over two decades of field research in Rwanda, the author uses surveys and comparative local case studies to explore Rwanda’s response both at a governmental and local level.

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25 years later, how is rape dealt with in Rwanda?

Many young girls and women were victims of rape during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), set up by United Nations Security Council was the first institution to recognise rape as a means of perpetrating genocide.

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Seeking justice after genocide:Long hunt for Rwanda’s killers

After the genocide against the Tutsis in 1994, many perpetrators escaped. Some were arrested and taken to the UN-backed International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), which is based in Tanzania. That court closed in 2015 after several convictions. For many of those who carried out the killings, justice has been at a local level through community tribunals known as “Gacaca” courts.

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Genocide:Supreme court upholds 30-year jail sentence for Bandora

The Supreme Court upheld the 30-year jail sentence for genocide convict Charles Bandora, which he had earlier been handed by the High Court’s specialised chamber for international crimes in 2015. Bandora, as a prominent businessman and vice chair for the then ruling MRND party in the former Commune Ngenda, was charged with five crimes related to the Genocide against the Tutsi.

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“Situated Bystandership” during and after the Rwandan genocide

To be a “situated bystander” means to resist the pressure to participate in genocidal violence and to belong to a moral order that is distinct from that of the extremists. Therefore, this article challenges the homogenous portrayal of the unresponsive bystander group and introduces the novel concept of “situated bystandership” to draw attention to the proximal and representational contexts that shape bystanders’ responses, roles and positions in society.

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Remediation in Rwanda: Grassroots Legal Forums

In this book, the author examines how Rwandans navigated the combination of harmony and punishment in grassroots courts purportedly designed to rebuild the social fabric in the wake of the 1994 genocide. Post-genocide Rwandan officials developed new local courts supposedly modelled on traditional practices of dispute resolution as part of a broader national policy of unity and reconciliation.

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Transitional justice and political order in Rwanda

Through the Rwanda case, this article advances an understanding of transitional justice adoption, which focuses on ways in which governments use transitional justice as a tool of political order. Within this framework, transitional justice is adopted to address security, resource, and legitimacy challenges for a post-conflict or post-transition government.

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Accountability after Genocide

The author looks at how Rwanda has worked to prosecute the perpetrators of genocide, remember its victims, and move forward which is an enormous undertaking. It set up the Gacaca courts, which reviewed nearly 2 million trials in under a decade, and as thus, Rwanda provides a case study in local legal adaptation toward accountability.

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Kwibuka24: International Community pays homage to Genocide victims

The Rwandan community; friends of Rwanda; members of the diplomatic corps and representatives of international organizations based in Geneva; met on April 10 at the headquarters of the UN Office in Geneva to mark the International Day of the Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. Ngarambe further urged all states that shelter suspects of the Genocide against the Tutsi to either prosecute them or extradite them to Rwanda.

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New Push For Canada To Criminalize 1994 Genocide Denial

The Rwandan community in Canada has written to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau asking for radical change to the country’s view of the 1994 Genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda. In a letter dated February 8, the community wants Canada to implement a UN resolution obliging all countries refer to the mass killings as “the 1994 genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda”.

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