This paper intends to draw a cognitive portrait of openness to reconciliation. It establishes the importance of cognitive functioning in the aftermath of political violence: A better understanding of the influence of information processing on openness to reconciliation may help improve reconciliation policies and contribute to reducing risks of conflict reoccurrence. Our results show that higher cognitive capacity is not associated with greater openness to reconciliation.
This book gathers previously unpublished testimonies from individuals who lived through the genocide against the Tutsi in 1994. Their stories do not simply paint a picture of lives left destroyed and damaged; they also demonstrate healing relationships, personal growth, forgiveness and reconciliation. Through the lens of positive psychology, the book presents a range of perspectives on what happened in Rwanda in 1994 and shows how people have been changed by their experience of genocide.
President Kagame speaks at a Commemoration service of the Genocide against the Tutsi at the Saddleback Church in California, U.S on Palm Sunday. Looking on is his host, Pastor Rick Warren. The President has pointed to reintegrating society and uniting the population after the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi as one of Rwanda’s most important step towards progress.
John Giraneza, a resident of Rweru Sector in Bugesera District harboured the grudge for years, before transforming into a champion of unity and reconciliation in his village. In 2008, Giraneza proposed to marry a woman whose family killed his father, mother and siblings-Marie Jeanne Uwimana.
President Paul Kagame while officiating the start of a mourning week to mark the 25th time the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi made a statement: “We claim no special place, but we have a place to claim. The fighting spirit is alive in us. What happened here will never happen again.”
Education is seen to play a crucial role in the reconstruction of post-conflict countries, particularly in transforming people’s mindsets and rebuilding social relations. In this regard, teachers are often perceived as key agents to bring about this transformative change through their role as agents of peace. This paper seeks to understand how teachers are positioned to promote peacebuilding and social cohesion in Rwandan schools in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi.
This policy brief draws on experiences from a social cohesion project implemented by International Alert and Rwanda’s National Unity and Reconciliation Commission (NURC). This project is aimed at promoting social cohesion and peace among Rwandans through resilience and dialogue. Using examples from the project, this policy brief suggests some integrated approaches to address some of the issues with Rwanda’s National Policy on Unity and Reconciliation.
In this book, the author examines how Rwandans navigated the combination of harmony and punishment in grassroots courts purportedly designed to rebuild the social fabric in the wake of the 1994 genocide. Post-genocide Rwandan officials developed new local courts supposedly modelled on traditional practices of dispute resolution as part of a broader national policy of unity and reconciliation.
The author looks at how Rwanda has worked to prosecute the perpetrators of genocide, remember its victims, and move forward which is an enormous undertaking. It set up the Gacaca courts, which reviewed nearly 2 million trials in under a decade, and as thus, Rwanda provides a case study in local legal adaptation toward accountability.
The aim of this paper is to provide a succinct summary of the various meanings social cohesion can take within the academic debate. The paper also provides a brief summary of the term’s conceptual linkages to education policy, which is relevant for Aegis’ work. The author argues that social cohesion within Rwanda today is conceptualised to narrowly in terms of reconciliation. The paper calls for a broader vision, acknowledging and encompassing socio-economic and educational inequalities as important sources of societal conflict.
This paper analyses and highlights the factors and root causes of the genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. Further, it details the steps taken by the external and internal players to avoid future conflict and the work they are doing in creating a platform for peacebuilding and reconciliation in Rwanda. The author also discusses the role of the government and its institutions in post genocide Rwanda. The strengths and weaknesses of the new constitution of Rwanda after the genocide, and the current challenges confronting Rwanda are included in this paper.
Film in Rwanda has played a role in moving the country past the genocide that decimated the population and destroyed the existing infrastructure and severed the social ties between all Rwandans. This essay identifies the emerging structure for the Rwandan filmmaking industry, while also measuring how influential cinema has been and can continue to be in the reconciliation process. Finally, it outlines recommendations for filmmakers who aim to contribute to the country’s reconciliation and unity process.
This study on the role of women in reconciliation and peace building in Rwanda will contributes to critical analysis in understanding the unique potential Rwandan women have and the challenges they face in their endeavours to contribute to national reconciliation and peace building and enable the National Unity and Reconciliation Commission to mainstream gender in its policies, programmes and future activities.
This book is aimed at national bodies seeking to employ traditional justice mechanisms, and at external agencies supporting such processes. It is based on the findings of a comparative study examining the role played by traditional justice mechanisms in dealing with the legacy of violent conflict in Africa. It focuses on five countries—Burundi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Uganda—that are used as the basis for outlining conclusions and options for future policy development in the related areas of post-conflict reconstruction, democracy building and development.
This paper looks at the prospects for peace and justice in the aftermath of the gross abuses of human rights that occurred and, to that end, it considers the potential uses and limits of restorative justice initiatives in the process of healing and reconciliation in Rwanda. It argues that restorative justice initiatives have moved the country closer toward reconciliation than retributive measures, such as the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.