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Societal Healing Baseline

The Societal Healing and Participatory Governance for Peace in Rwanda programme is a four-year programme funded by Sida and implemented by Never Again Rwanda and Interpeace. The programme, which commenced on 1 January 2015, has a vision to contribute to a peaceful and inclusive Rwandan Society, enabled to overcome the wounds of the past and peacefully manage conflicts and diversity as well as empowered to influence programmes and policies responsive to citizens’ priorities.

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Governing with and for Citizens : Lessons from a post-genocide Rwanda

Never Again Rwanda (NAR) is a Peacebuilding and social justice organization. It was created in the aftermath of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in order to mitigate the consequences of the genocide. NAR aims to empower Rwandans and give them opportunities to become active citizens and ultimately become agents of positive change and work together towards sustainable peace and development.

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Youth urged to reflect on the significance of reading on nation-building

As we commemorate 25 years of the Genocide against the Tutsi, youth were advised to embrace a reading culture because books can inspire, heal, empower and bring hope to a nation. This message was conveyed during the “13th edition of reading for change,” that was held at the Kigali Public Library, Kacyiru. The event was held under the theme, ‘Literature’s role in peacebuilding and unity’ with an aim of stirring a reading culture among the young generation.

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Teachers as agents of change:Promoting peace building and social cohesion in schools in Rwanda

Education is seen to play a crucial role in the reconstruction of post-conflict countries, particularly in transforming people’s mindsets and rebuilding social relations. In this regard, teachers are often perceived as key agents to bring about this transformative change through their role as agents of peace. This paper seeks to understand how teachers are positioned to promote peacebuilding and social cohesion in Rwandan schools in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi.

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Engaging teachers in peace building in post-conflict contexts:evaluating education interventions in Rwanda and South Africa

This research paper seeks to answer the question: To what extent does education and peacebuilding interventions in the two countries promote teachers and capacity to build peace and reduce inequalities? The proposed study is aimed at understanding the conditions under which education interventions focused on teachers can promote peace, and mitigate and reduce violence with a view to identifying measures and processes that can increase the effectiveness of such programmes in conflict-affected situations.

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How Rwanda is teaching peace education through Ubumuntu conversations

Throughout the year, Aegis Trust organizes various events to educate the public and visitors from around the world about the genocide and what they can do to help prevent such atrocities in the future. Among their peacebuilding initiatives are the Ubumuntu Conversations held at the memorial’s peace school during the last week of July 2018. Ubumuntu is to be humane: to genuinely care about others, to be generous and kind, to show empathy, to be sympathetic to the plight of others, and to recognize the humanity of others.

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Orchestre Impala: peace-building through music in Rwanda

This study focuses on revival of Orchestre Impala, a popular band from the Habyarimana era of the 1970s-80s. The authors hope that this musical revival signals a politics of cultural healing in Rwanda, and coming to terms with the cultural past. This example shows how popular music can contribute to peace-building in post-genocide Rwanda, and perhaps elsewhere.

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International Impact Event

Speaking on 31st May 2018 at King’s College London, Dr Nicola Palmer, Dr Felix Ndahinda and Dr Richard Benda discuss the impact the two-day conference (Rwandan Perspectives on Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Sustainable Peace: Enhancing Research, Influencing Policy) which had just finished there where Aegis’ funded researchers had made keynote presentations.

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Saving lives in South Sudan

Nicholas Aru Maan – co-founder of the South Sudan Youth, Peace and Development Organisation (SSYPADO) paid a visit to the UK’s National Holocaust Centre, birthplace of the Aegis Trust, and gave an on-camera interview about the life-saving impact of partnership with Aegis. “Aegis Trust and the Kigali Memorial Centre has been the force behind our continued hope for peacebuilding in South Sudan,” Nicholas says, describing how South Sudanese chiefs inspired by Aegis’ work in Rwanda had helped to reduce conflict by organizing young people to take part in education rather than fighting.

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The Arusha Accords and the Failure of International Intervention in Rwanda

This paper highlights the unsuccessful mediation attempts leading up to the Arusha Accords; the successful mediation of the Arusha Accords by a highly skilled Tanzanian diplomat, Ami Mpungwe; and the violence following the breakdown of the Accords after the suspicious death of President Habyarimana. The role of regional organizations and other international actors in the pre-Arusha mediations and the Arusha process itself is analysed. Finally, the author highlights the misperceptions arising from a serious lack of intelligence information and the tragedy of peace-keeping forces whose weak mandate and lack of materiel made them impotent to stem the horrendous violence.

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Post Genocide Peacebuilding, Reconciliation and Reconstruction: A Case of Rwanda

This paper analyses and highlights the factors and root causes of the genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda. Further, it details the steps taken by the external and internal players to avoid future conflict and the work they are doing in creating a platform for peacebuilding and reconciliation in Rwanda. The author also discusses the role of the government and its institutions in post genocide Rwanda. The strengths and weaknesses of the new constitution of Rwanda after the genocide, and the current challenges confronting Rwanda are included in this paper.

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The role of women in reconciliation and peace building in Rwanda: Ten years after genocide 1994-2004

This study on the role of women in reconciliation and peace building in Rwanda will contributes to critical analysis in understanding the unique potential Rwandan women have and the challenges they face in their endeavours to contribute to national reconciliation and peace building and enable the National Unity and Reconciliation Commission to mainstream gender in its policies, programmes and future activities.

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Violent Conflict and the Transformation of Social Capital: Lessons from Cambodia, Rwanda, Guatemala, and Somalia

Based on a four-country project, this book discusses: changes in social capital due to conditions of conflict; the interaction between social capital and conflict; and methods for civil society, government, and international actors to nurture social capital for conflict prevention rehabilitation and reconciliation measures. The types of conflict experienced, definitions and indicators of social capital, and study conclusions are compared. In the final section, recommendations for social policy and practices emerging from these studies are presented.

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Planting the Tree of Peace Among Enemies

This article is a report on some of the workshops held by the Alternatives to Violence Project, a reconciliation effort based on restorative justice practices that operates in Africa to heal communities affected by genocide and civil instability. These workshops sought to bring together residents of two towns, one on the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo and the other on the border of Rwanda, with a historically complicated and adversarial past.

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